Please note that all parts had to come from a set list of materials, so some odd piecing and skarfing was necessary to comply. You, however, can just buy longer boards! Where there are dimensional differences between this and the day by day prototype building diary, these are more accurate. 
Last updated March 17, 2002. Here is the Duckworks build of Summer Breeze in stitch and glue.

Summer Breeze 

sternsailart3S.jpg (49905 bytes) SBvrlshot6.jpg (19591 bytes)
SBvrlshot8.jpg (26839 bytes) linedraw3.gif (3460 bytes) 

My entry into the Duckworks contest is an 11'8" long 50" beam 16" sides, high capacity skiff reminiscent of the turn of the century flatiron skiffs. I know the contest guidelines urged us to stress specific use, but since this was conceived as a community boat building craft, what I've tried for is versatility and ease of construction. No lofting is required and all saw cuts are straight. The "bump" where the sides rise to the transom is smoothed out with plane, rasp or sander. The chine log, PL premium and bronze nail construction keeps young fingers out of Epoxy and glass, though she can be stitch and glued and glass sheathed if conditions warrent. 

She's a pleasure to row, and I have several times hit 7.5 knots with her humble polytarp lug sail in moderate breezes. Though I've only had my wife and I, our dog and a picnic in her as yet, her leeboard creates wide open sprawling space enough for a bed roll to a dedicated small boat camper.

Though I didn't have more than an electric trolling motor in mind when designing her, one builder has had fun with a 4 horse kicker on his version of this boat. The USCG math recommends no more than 3 horse power. The calculations put her in the 5 horse category, but flat bottom hard chined boats get bumped down a notch to 3 hp due to tendencies to flip in hard turns. More detailed building notes:

SBviews2.gif (3194 bytes)  Here are the three views. I'm no artist so the photos of the model and the boat will have to do.

And here is the way the sheets of ply and board stock are utilized. 

   You'll notice that the waste in the side layout sheet is the saw dust from the kerfs. This sheet also provides butt blocks, skeg, oar blades and quarter knees.
 bottomlayout.gif (6975 bytes)  The rotated triangles in the bottom layout is what make it possible to get such a large bottom section from one sheet. Gussets, mast step, leeboard backing and bow butt blocks also come from this sheet.
 gluebot.jpg (6422 bytes)  Here's photo of the bow triangles and their butt blocks.
 TSSboards2.2.gif (20688 bytes)  Using solid stock for the transom allows maximum bottom and sides from ply, and makes for a respectable capacity skiff without going to a pram bow.
 gussetstem.gif (5089 bytes) The stem can be made of solid stock, but this resaw sandwich method uses the least wood. The ply gussets are sandwiched between the bottom and side frame members.
 framemeas2.gif (4398 bytes)frameside.gif (3855 bytes)  half frame.gif (4218 bytes) This is the half frame dimensions for laying it out.
 framebrace.gif (6420 bytes)  Here are the sketches of the frame, showing pre-cut lengths and the temporary cross brace.
 frame1.jpg (8183 bytes)  frame1.b.jpg (7123 bytes)The shaded version should make it clearer how the gusset is sandwiched.
 limberholes1.gif (3091 bytes)  limberholes2.gif (3696 bytes)  Showing "limber" holes (drain holes) for external chine logs or internal chine logs.


transom1.gif (3748 bytes) transomangle.gif (4503 bytes)  (Details on notes page.) 

Gunnels and chine logs...

 chinegundetail.jpg (32048 bytes) The photos show split gunnel and inwale set up, but this single gunnel is simpler and sufficient. The chine log is not necessary if the bottom is stitched to the sides.
 TSSrig10mast.jpg (16224 bytes)     I had to laminate a couple of pieces from one of the 1" boards and scarf to the 2x4 to get the 10 foot mast I wanted. One pole is used for the upper spar of the lug sail. I was going to use the other for the sprit boom, but someone mentioned that in this contest, a row boat needed to make the oars from the material (you can specify a purchased motor, but not oars?) So now the sail is either loose footed in the chine log version, or if she's stitch and glued together the chine log material can be used as the sprit boom. Sail making details are HERE.
 SBskegslot.jpg (5703 bytes)  The laminated ply skeg slips into a slot in the keel making fitting it to the bottom simpler.
 SB3.jpg (4888 bytes)  In spite of all the straight cuts, to my eye, her finished lines are sweet and flowing. One of the small miracles of boat building.
 hullsdisplace3.jpg (28401 bytes) Here's a screen shot of Gregg's Hull program showing the displacement at 569. The water line just touches the stem and transom here. At 650lbs it not even an inch higher, but seems like pushing it. Displacement, of course includes the weight of the hull. Capacity is how much she can hold, which is over and above the weight of the hull. Since the finished boat weighs about 60 lbs, I've estimated her capacity at 500 lbs. This is an upper limit figure and I expect her rarely to be that loaded. 
 SBpaper.gif (5566 bytes)  If you like playing with paper models I've put all her parts in one image here. If you print it out on file folder stock (legal size is what I like) you can cut fold and tape it. Leave the transom attached and fold it. Also leave the sides attached where they touch the bottom. Tape the frame where indicated. Great aid to the imagination!
floatation2.gif (2727 bytes)

Floatation & Safety 

Being all wood, this skiff wont sink, however it wont float high enough when swamped to make self rescue very feasible. Foam floatation can be easily added making use of construction foam available in 4'x8' sheets in thicknesses from 3/4" to 2". (Blue board behaves better during cutting than the white stuff, which sheds little balls.) Cut pieces to fit the bow, stern and under the seat and mast partner. Make a cardboard pattern to guide you. Triangle for the bow, trapezoid for the stern, etc. The pieces can be stacked and either glued or double stick taped together, then wrapped in either polytarp, or canvas, hot melt glued or velcroed. 3/8" stainless screw eyes (or hooks) can be placed strategically in the transom, stem, chine logs, underside edge of the seat, etc. to take 1/4" line (or bungee cord) to lace them in place. Done right, the bow and stern bundles can double as seats or sprawling back rests. Stay safe. Particularly in colder waters, add floatation.


 sbdavidrow7S.jpg (9131 bytes)  She trims fine for rowing.
 bowside.jpg (36288 bytes)

 This is Scott Widmier's motor boat version. He has a 4 horse kicker on her.

 beached.jpg (50847 bytes)

Ultra Light Rowing Version -

This is a fantasy of an ultra light version that is a simple approach to lapstrake building. The lap gluing is done flat on the floor, the gunnels and the chine logs are attached and the side is bent as an assembly. (I know this sounds far fetched but Steve Redmond used this approach in his skiff Whisp.) The side sheet is 1/8" ply. 1/2" overlaps provide added stiffness. The gunnels are notched (1/8" x 3/4") to enclose the top of the sides, a la Herb McLeods OSS. This seals the top of the ply sides and extends the height of the side 3/4" to make up for most of the inch  lost in the laps.

lapsides.gif (2922 bytes)  In this case I would temporarily hold the side panels together with duct tape while cutting the strakes.  The bow and stern are divided in thirds then a batten or PVC pipe is used to draw the curves of the strakes. Cut with a thin saw blade, saber saw, or even a matt knife. 1/4 staples can be used to "clamp" the laps. The strakes could be skarfed with epoxy and 2" tape rather then 1/8" butt blocks. 
 rowboards.gif (5650 bytes)  I confess this board layout was done before the Duckworks contest so it calls for one 12 foot 2x4. In keeping with the rules, we will scarf it from the two 8 footers allowed. For oar locks I glue 3/4" thick blocks to the gunnels with stainless deck screws, then drill a 1/2" hole lined with half a brass grommet for canvas works. This really works!

linelapdraw3.gif (3247 bytes)    lapprofile3.gif (2514 bytes) A couple of sketched views.

 SB1.jpg (4527 bytes)  This was the proof of concept 1/4 sized model done in 1/8"  

More detailed building notes:

 Now for some legal stuff:

I am neither trained nor certified in naval architecture. This boat is intended to be built by the author, of modern materials and is intended to be sailed and rowed on protected waters. The designer takes no responsibility for the action of any persons making use of this design for their own purposes; neither does this designer make any claims that this craft meets any regulations set by any authority anywhere in the world. Contact the designer David J. Beede at 115 Cygnet Lane, Melrose Florida, 32666 USA or by email David Beede  simplicityboats.
David J. Beede 2000

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